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Chronic Kidney Disease

Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) is a gradual loss in renal function during a period of several weeks or years.Your kidneys filter wastes and excess liquids out of your bloodstream that are then flushed away as urine.

When the kidneys do not work correctly, harmful amounts of fluid and waste accumulate within your body. Most individuals will not have any severe indicators until their kidney disease becomes highly developed. However, you may observe:

Warning Signs

  • Exhaustion and lack of strength
  • Reduced mental clarity
  • Reduced desire for food
  • Difficulties sleeping
  • Muscle cramps, particularly during the night
  • Inflamed feet and ankles
  • Swelling around the eyes, mainly in the am hours
  • Dried out, scratchy skin
  • Urination changes –uncharacteristic
  • Difficulties or pain while urinating
  • Detect blood in urine
  • High blood pressure

Stages of Chronic Kidney Disease:

Stage 1: Normal or High GFR (GFR > 90 ml/min)

  • Somewhat reduced functionality. You will find virtually no signs and symptoms therefore diagnosis is challenging and unlikely.

Stage 2: Mild (GFR = 60-89 ml/min)

  • Exactly as Stage 1, virtually no signs or symptoms show up indicating that the kidneys are affected, and most individuals will not realize they have Stage 2 CKD.

Stage 3: Moderate (GFR = 30-59 ml/min)

  • Stage 3 is when the signs and symptoms start to show. As kidney performance diminishes waste material build up within the bloodstream. One is certainly going to develop complications of kidney disease for example high bloodstream pressure, anemia and/or early bone disease.

Stage 4: Severe (GFR = 15-29 ml/min)

  • Odds are someone with Stage 4 CKD will need dialysis or eventually a kidney transplant. In Stage 4 one is vulnerable to develop complications of kidney disease for example high blood pressure, anemia, bone disease, coronary disease and other cardiovascular ailments.

Stage 5: End Stage (GFR < 15 ml/min)

  • During this highly developed stage the kidneys are no longer capable of working at a level required for everyday living. Ultimately dialysis or even a kidney transplant will be required in order to live.

What can we do to maintain healthy kidneys?

  • Exercise regularly
  • Drink plenty of water, a minimum of eight to twelve glasses each day
  • Maintain a balanced diet, consuming unprocessed natural food
  • Control your diabetes, cholesterol and high bloodstream pressure levels
  • Avoid or at least lower your alcohol consumption
  • Don’t smoke cigarettes or use any tobacco products
  • Avoid using medicines that can damage the kidneys

Top Nephrology Services

Our nephrologist services include all the essential kidney disease care required, including diagnostic interpretation, dialysis and transplant surgery coordination. Our specialists also help manage chronic kidney disease through nutritional and lifestyle changes that support your health. 
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