Coronary Artery Disease - also called CAD- is the most common type of heart disease. It is the leading cause of death in the US. It can be a subtle disease that is easily missed by many people.
CAD happens when arteries that supply blood to heart muscle become hardened and narrowed due to the buildup of fat on their inner walls. This buildup is called atherosclerosis and it can lead to chest pain or a heart attack. Lifestyle changes
, medicines, and medical procedures can help prevent or treat CAD and may reduce the risk of related health problems.
Who’s at risk? There are several factors that can increase your risk of having coronary artery disease, which include:
- Heartbeats that seem irregular: Occasionally the -first indication of coronary artery disease may be a few skipped heartbeats.
- Develop shortness of breath: When you have heart failure, your heart can't pump enough blood to meet your body’s needs. Fluid builds up in your lungs, making it hard to breathe.
- Chest pains (angina) that occur in the back, neck, arms, jaw or centralized on the left side should immediately be examined by a medical professional.
- Some people who have CAD have no signs or symptoms, a condition called silent CHD. The disease may not be diagnosed until a person has signs or symptoms of a heart attack, heart failure, or an arrhythmia (an irregular heartbeat).
Taking action to control your risk factors can help prevent or delay coronary artery disease:
- Age: People over 50 are more likely to have heart disease
- Gender: Men generally develop heart disease 10 years earlier than women do.
- Family history: You're more at risk if one or more of your close relatives have or had early CAD.
- Smoking can damage and tighten blood vessels, lead to unhealthy cholesterol levels, and raise blood pressure.
- High blood pressure can result in hardening and thickening of arteries.
- High cholesterol levels can increase the risk of formation of plaques and atherosclerosis.
- High stress may damage your arteries as well as worsen other risk factors.
- Physical inactivity
- Adopt a healthy lifestyle
- Follow a healthy diet
- Keep a healthy weight
- Physical activity
- Manage the stress in your life
- Quit smoking
- Control your cholesterol and blood pressure
- Know your family health history
- Take medicines, if you are advised to do so
Top Cardiology Services
Family Physicians Group
partners with cardiology specialists
at various locations around Central Florida to get you the best care available. For more information call 1.866.999.3741
or schedule your appointment with FPG, today. We encourage your feedback please comment below, or you can chat with us on Facebook