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Heart Disease

Heart disease is a general phrase used to identify an array of diseases that affect your heart. The different diseases that fall under the umbrella of heart disease include diseases of your blood vessels, such as coronary artery disease; heart rhythm problems (arrhythmias); heart infections; and heart defects you're born with (congenital heart defects).

Many forms of heart disease can be prevented or treated with healthy lifestyle choices.

Common Heart Diseases

Coronary Heart Disease (CHD) and Coronary Artery Disease (CAD) : The most common forms of heart disease. They are usually part of a systemic cardiovascular disease (CVD) - a narrowing of arteries in the heart and throughout the body.

Congestive Heart Failure (CHF) : Causes the heart to become less eeffective at circulating blood and
less able to completely ll or empty the chambers.

Cardiomyopathy : An abnormality of the heart muscle. It may be congenital or it may be a response by the heart to external pressures or toxins.

Myocarditis : Ininflammation of the muscle of the heart.

Pericardial Disease : Disease of the sac surrounding the heart.

Endocarditis : Ininflammation of the membrane lining around the heart and valves.

Heart Valve Conditions : May cause a variety of dysfunctions, including:
  • Regurgitation – backow of blood
  • Prolapse – part of the heart valve protrudes into the atrium,preventing a tight seal.
  • Stenosis – narrowing of the heart valve opening, which can aaffect blood low rate.

Warning Signs: Each form of heart disease has its own specific symptoms. But there are also general warning signs that signal the possibility of heart disease:

  • Chest pain, especially with exertion
  • Shortness of breath during normal activities
  • Extreme weakness or fatigue
  • Rapid heart rate
  • Irregular heartbeat
  • Fainting
  • Swelling of the legs, ankles and feet
  • A cough that worsens
  • Dizziness
  • Nausea
Heart disease risk factors

  • Age: People over 50 are more likely to have heart disease
  • Gender: Men generally develop heart disease 10 years earlier than women do.
  • Family history: You're more at risk if one or more of your close relatives have a heart disease.
  • Smoking can damage and tighten blood vessels, lead to unhealthy cholesterol levels, and raise blood pressure.
  • High blood pressure can result in hardening and thickening of arteries.
  • High cholesterol levels can increase the risk of formation of plaques and atherosclerosis.
  • High stress may damage your arteries as well as worsen other risk factors.
  • Poor hygiene increases the risks of viral or bacterial infections.
  • Diabetes
  • Overweight
  • Physical inactivity
Here are 4 easy to follow tips toward prevention:

  •   De-stress your life. Learn to relax and enjoy life. All of your organs will thank you and it will do wonders for your blood pressure.
  •   Boost your immune system. Few of the list of heart diseases are caused by infections and bacteria.
  •   Exercise your heart. Do things that get your heart pumping like jogging or taking a bike ride.
  •   Eat a heart supporting diet and supplement program.

Top Cardiology Services

If you’re experiencing heart symptoms you can’t explain, reach out to our Family Physicians Group team for an appointment. We partners with cardiology specialists at various locations around Central Florida to get you the best care available. Our cardiology services include consultations, tests, treatments and monitoring of implanted devices. 
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