There are three basic types of diabetes: Type 1 diabetes, Type 2 diabetes and Gestational diabetes. Type 2 is the most common form of diabetes, accounting for 90% of all diabetics. In Type 2 diabetes, one of two things will happen – either the body does not produce enough insulin or the cells ignore the insulin.
When glucose builds up in the blood and is not going into cells, it can lead to diabetes complications in eyes, feet and skin. You can delay or prevent the onset of complications with the proper medical treatment and making healthy lifestyle changes.
Our disease management program is designed to help you identify and control a variety of chronic illnesses you may be fighting:
- Insulin “unlocks” cell walls to let sugar in.
- In response to insulin, sugar enters the cell, which is used as a fuel.
- Healthy balance of sugar and insulin circulate in the bloodstream.
With Type 2 Diabetes
- Insulin cannot “unlock” cell walls to let sugar in (insulin resistance).
- Sugar is unable to enter the cell and returns to the bloodstream. The cell has no sugar for fuel.
- An unhealthy amount of sugar circulates in the blood stream, damaging blood vessels and nerves.
With an Insulin Deficiency
- The body makes little or no insulin (insulin deficiency).
- Without insulin the cells are unable to receive and use the sugar.
- Unhealthy amount of sugar circulate in the bloodstream. At this point people may need to start taking insulin.
Warning signs: Prior to being diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes, people are generally considered pre diabetic — blood glucose levels that are higher than normal but not yet high enough to be diagnosed with diabetes. Type 2 diabetes symptoms may develop very slowly. In fact, you can have Type 2 diabetes for years and not even know it. Look for:
- Excessive thirst or hunger
- Numbness or tingling in your feet or hands
- Frequent urination
- Weight loss (although appetite often increases)
- Slow healing sores or frequent infections
- Blurry vision
- Areas of darkened skin
Controlling your blood sugar
The American Diabetes Association recommends that Type 2 diabetes testing include the A1C test. The A1C test shows your average blood sugar for the past two to three months. Normal A1C levels are below 5.7%. Talk to your doctor about an appropriate goal for you. Lowering your A1C levels can help lower your risk of developing diabetes-related problems.
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Physical activity, stress reduction, improved social life and eating a healthier diet all attribute to reducing diabetes. FPG can help you adopt and maintain positive lifestyle changes so you can live a longer, healthier and happier life. Join us for a seminar
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